France and Chad have a strong bilateral relationship marked by a large number of high-level meetings:
- In January 2011, Mr Juppé, Minister for Defence and Veterans’ Affairs, attended the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of Chad’s independence. In December 2011, Mr Laffineur, Minister of State attached to the Minister for Defence and Veterans’ Affairs, visited Chad.
- The French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Fabius, met with Chadian President Déby in N’Djamena on 28 July 2012.
- President Déby met with Mr François Hollande, President of the French Republic, on 5 December 2012 in Paris.
- On 21 March 2013, Mr Fabius met with his Chadian counterpart, Mr Moussa Faki Mahamat, in Paris.
- On 6 and 7 December 2013, President Déby travelled to Paris for the Élysée Summit for Peace and Security in Africa.
- In 2014, President Déby made two bilateral visits to France to meet with the President of the French Republic: first on 14 February 2014, then on 4 April, the day after the EU-Africa Summit. He visited a third time, on 17 May, to attend the Paris summit on the situation in Nigeria and the fight against Boko Haram.
- President Hollande met with President Déby in N’Djamena during his trip to Chad on 18 and 19 July 2014.
- The French Prime Minister, Mr Manuel Valls, visited Chad on 22 November 2014, accompanied by Mr Jean-Yves Le Drian, the Minister of Defence.
- During a regional tour devoted to the Boko Haram crisis, Mr Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, visited N’Djamena on 21 February 2015.
- During working visits to France, President Déby met with the President of the French Republic on 14 May and 5 October 2015.
- Minister of Defence Jean-Yves Le Drian visited N’Djamena on 28 and 29 April 2016, then on 8 August that year for the inauguration of President Déby.
Chad is also an important partner for France in the fight against terrorism. On 1 August 2014, France established the headquarters of Operation Barkhane in N’Djamena. This operation, involving 3,500 soldiers, sought to address the terrorist threat across the Sahel-Sahara area in partnership with regional countries.
France is one of Chad’s main economic partners. Annual trade totals €211 million. France’s trade surplus with Chad totals €91 million, thanks to French exports which are mainly in the fields of pharmaceuticals, flour and cereals, electrical equipment, cars, and construction. Until 2012, the main French import from Chad was acacia gum; in 2013, oil became the main import. Despite a relatively difficult business environment (Chad ranked 183rd out of 189 countries in the World Bank Doing Business rankings for 2015), around twenty subsidiaries of French companies are present in Chad and have development prospects, especially in the field of renewable energy.
France is Chad’s leading bilateral development assistance partner (excluding humanitarian and food aid).
In 2015, the commitments of the Agence française de développement (AFD, French Development Agency) in Chad totalled €16 million. The AFD works in supporting urban planning in N’Djamena and Moundou, providing long-term support for nomadic farming and maternal and child health, and improving the educational system and vocational training. Our cooperation is also implemented in the sectors of governance and higher education and research.
France provides support for the restructuring of the Chadian armed forces (training, retraining, advice and expertise). It is also active in the internal security field through support for capacity building in the area of counter-terrorism.
Updated: 19 December 2016
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