France and Chad

Presentation

Political relations

France and Chad have a strong bilateral relationship marked by many high-level meetings: Chad is also an important partner for France in the fight against terrorism. Since August 2014, the headquarters of the French Operation Barkhane has been based in N’Djamena.

Visits

  • President Hollande met with President Déby in N’Djamena on 18 and 19 July 2014.
  • President Déby met with the French President in France on 14 May and 5 October 2015.
  • Mr Le Drian, French Minister of Defence visited N’Djamena on 28 and 29 April 2016, then on 8 August that year for the inauguration of President Déby.
  • On 12 September 2016, Mr Ayrault, French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development met with his Chadian counterpart, Mr Moussa Faki Mahamat, in Paris.
  • French Prime Minister Cazeneuve’s first visit abroad was to Chad, on 29 December 2016, in the company of Mr Le Drian, Minister of Defence.
  • Ms Royal, French Minister of the Environment, Energy and Marine Affairs, responsible for international climate relations, visited Chad on 29 January 2017 regarding COP21 commitments for Lake Chad.
  • Mr Le Guen, French Minister of State for Development and Francophonie, visited Chad on 14 and 15 February 2017.
  • Mr Le Drian, French Minister of Defence, visited Chad on 26 and 27 February 2017.
  • On 16 March 2017, French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development Ayrault met with his Chadian counterpart, Mr Hissein Taha, in Paris.
  • Mr Le Guen, French Minister of State for Development and Francophonie, visited Chad from 9 to 11 April 2017.

Economic relations

France is one of Chad’s main economic partners. Annual trade totals €211 million. France’s trade surplus with Chad stood at €17.9 million in 2016. French exports (€110 million in 2016) are mostly in the pharmaceutical sector. Oil is France’s leading import from Chad (€83.4 million out of total 2016 imports of €91.7 million). France granted €10 million of budget assistance to Chad between December 2016 and March 2017. Moreover, France committed €3.5 million of emergency humanitarian and food aid in 2016. Despite a relatively difficult business environment (ranked 180ᵗʰ out of 189 countries in the World Bank’s 2017 Doing Business ranking), some 20 subsidiaries of French businesses operate in Chad.

Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

France is Chad’s leading bilateral development assistance partner (excluding humanitarian and food aid). In 2016, the commitments of the Agence Française de Développement (AFD, French Development Agency) in Chad totalled €29.6 million. The AFD works in supporting urban planning in N’Djamena and Moundou, providing long-term support for nomadic farming and maternal and child health, and improving the educational system and vocational training. Our cooperation is also implemented in the sectors of governance and higher education and research.

Other cooperation

France provides support for the restructuring of the Chadian armed forces (training, retraining, advice and expertise). It is also active in the internal security field through support for capacity building in the area of counter-terrorism.

Relations with the European Union

Chad received an initial budget of €442 million in the framework of the 11ᵗʰ European Development Fund (EDF) for 2014-2020. An additional €100 million was contributed in 2017. The EU also implements a governance support programme focused on three priorities: civil status, decentralization and public finances.

Updated: 10 May 2017

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