Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation
In view of the current political and security crisis in the CAR, and in the absence of any legitimate authorities, cooperation is effectively suspended.
France contributed €19 million in bilateral official development assistance to the CAR in 2010 (€38 million including France’s share of multilateral ODA), making it the CAR’s single biggest source of bilateral assistance. The French development agency AFD provided close on €4 million in 2010 (€5.8 million in 2011, a projected €8.3 million in 2012). The bilateral assistance budget managed by the Embassy’s Cooperation and Cultural Action Department stands at €1.2 million (2012).
France’s cooperation follows the guidelines of the Framework Partnership Agreement for 2010-2013: the aim is to support the stabilisation of the country whilst also sustaining the dynamic of development in order to avoid a resurgence of the crisis. Two core areas have been selected for concentrated attention: infrastructure development to fuel economic recovery, and education, without which the country’s future cannot be assured.
Interventions in other non-core sectors such as health and forestry are designed to remedy the lack of access to healthcare for the general population and to help structure and ensure the future of forestry, a source of revenue for the State, in accordance with the requirements of sustainable development.
In crosscutting sectors, France supports reform of the State, principally in its sovereign tasks (finance, justice, security), in order to assist in the restoration of its authority but also to ensure the fulfilment of its obligations to the population as a whole, with a view to consolidating the democratic process and restoring civil peace. It is also essential to ensure the replacement of the CAR’s elite and to consolidate the country’s regional position within the CEMAC zone (including the French-speaking elements thereof) and in the ECCAS zone.
France has agreed to join with the EU in steering the New Deal for Engagement with Fragile States process in 2012, to ensure that international aid is targeted to respond most effectively to the areas of fragility identified by the beneficiary.
Security and defence cooperation
France and the CAR signed a defence partnership agreement in April 2010 establishing a framework for military cooperation and the operational support provided by the Boali detachment to MICOPAX. As of 1 August, this operational support has transferred to the MISCA international support mission.
France’s structural military cooperation (effectively suspended since 24 March) was aimed at supporting the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) and assisting them in maintaining control of the country, as part of the process of Security Sector Reform (SSR). The main areas of cooperation focused on training, high-level consultancy and reorganisation of the armed forces and the gendarmerie. In 2012, the amount of assistance provided was €1.47 million for the defence sector, including €302,000 in direct logistics aid.
Aid to the internal security sector represented €0.67 million (2012), including direct logistics aid of €93,000 to the gendarmerie. The CAR was also the beneficiary of an FSP project to support reinforcement of the rule of law, which financed police training, the supply of equipment and the reinforcement of operational capacity. The project came to an end in 2012.
Updated on 27.09.13