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Civil and military cooperation between France and Cabo Verde
Cabo Verde received USD329.11 million in Official Development Aid (ODA) in 2010 (source: OECD) compared with USD219 million in 2009. At USD2.97 million in 2010, bilateral aid from France was significantly reduced (USD8.72 million in 2008). In 2010, however, France’s multilateral ODA increased sharply: USD11.54 million in 2010, up from USD5.95 million in 2009.
The Partnership Framework Document (PFD) signed between France and Cabo Verde on 30 October 2006, involving a sum of between €44.7 million and €47 million, expired in December 2011. The terms of the document concentrated French aid on two sectors: infrastructure development and water and sanitation. The main thrust of a new PFD will be defined over the months ahead.
France is also involved in initiatives in the fields of:
good governance (decentralisation, internal security, financial governance),
promotion of cultural diversity and of the French language, particularly through the French Cultural Centre in Praia and the Alliance Française in Mindelo, as well support for the international school, "Les Alizés".
Praia French Cultural Centre: http://www.ccfcv.org/
Alliance Française Mindelo: http://www.afmindelo.org/2/index.php
support for higher education (support for the new public university of Cabo Verde, UniCV).
local cooperation (Social Fund for Development, with a budget of €500,000 for the 2009-2012 period, to fund poverty reduction projects run by local NGOs or municipalities).
France also supports initiatives aimed at solidarity development. Three projects have been conducted in recent years: supplying water and drip irrigation in Boa Entradinha and Ribeirao Isabel (French co-financing of €66,000), establishment of a centre helping migrants to return home and find work (€70,000), assistance in providing drinking water to the central Flamengos Valley (€28,000).
In the area of military cooperation and defence, France has concentrated on supporting Cape Verde’s armed forces in their commitment to regional integration, in particular at brigade level, whilst awaiting further ECOWAS initiatives. One concrete manifestation of this support has been teaching French to military personnel, taking advantage of civil cooperation structures.
Cooperation between Cabo Verde and the European Union
As a member of the Cotonou Agreement, Cape Verde is eligible for funding from the European Development Fund (EDF) and enjoys access to programmes funded from the Community budget and to loans from the European Investment Bank (EIB). On 21 December 2010, the EIB and the African Development Bank agreed €45 million in funding for a project to design, build and operate onshore wind farms on four islands in the archipelago. This is one of the largest wind farm projects ever launched on African soil, and sub-Saharan Africa’s first public-private partnership in the renewable energy sector.
Cabo Verde received a grant of €54.7 million in the 9th European Development Fund (EDF) round (2002-2007). Under the 10th EDF round (2008-2013), the basic grant (A-envelope) awarded is €51 million, which includes an incentive tranche of 30% (the maximum rate), linked to commitments given by Cabo Verde as regards good governance. The B-envelope grant is for €3.1 million. The primary focus for these grants is macroeconomic support (€32.6 million) and support for the special EU-Cabo Verde partnership (€11.5 million). €1.1 million has been set aside to fund PALOP(Portuguese-speaking countries in Africa) initiatives in the field of good governance. In the light of Cabo Verde’s good performance, the mid-term review of the 10th EDF round recommended that additional funds be made available.
In November 2010, the EU allocated €9 million to Cabo Verde under the Vulnerability-FLEX (V-Flex) mechanism designed to help countries worst affected by the international economic crisis. Portugal’s Espirito Santo Bank simultaneously announced a €70 million credit line to support Portuguese exports to Cabo Verde.
On 8 December 2011, Brussels granted Cabo Verde GSP+ status under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), making it the first African country to qualify for a scheme that guarantees developing countries continued preferential access to the European market. Under the terms of an agreement signed with the EU, Cabo Verde was given a three-year transition period beginning in 2008 to consolidate its graduation from the status of LDC to that of Middle Income Country (MIC) eligible for the GSP.
Updated on 14.11.12