France and Afghanistan signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation on 27 January 2012. The Treaty was concluded for 20 years and entered into force on 1 December of that year. It marked France’s long-term commitment and its evolution from a chiefly military to a chiefly civilian one. It is supplemented by a cooperation programme presenting details of projects over an initial five-year period (2012-2016) in the fields of security (military and police training), scientific, cultural and technical cooperation (agriculture, research, education, health, archaeology, governance), infrastructure (irrigation, rail, mines), economy and trade. In 2012, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced a 50% increase in French aid to Afghanistan for the next five years (2012-2016). For further details on French cooperation in Afghanistan, visit the website of the French Embassy in Afghanistan.
Bilateral visits (since 2013)
- 8 January 2014: visit to Paris by the Afghan Minister of Defence Bismillah Khan Mohammadi;
- 27 December 2013: visit to Afghanistan by the French Minister Delegate for Veterans;
- 4 September 2013: visit to Paris by the Afghan Minister of Foreign Affairs Zalmai Rassoul;
- 24-25 June 2013: visit to Kabul by the French Minister of Defence Jean-Yves Le Drian;
- 15-16 February 2013: visit to Kabul by the French Minister of the Interior Manuel Valls.
Bilateral trade between France and Afghanistan remains low mainly due to security conditions. However, it has generated a positive balance since 2001. French exports to Afghanistan reached €45.7 million in 2010, posting a 10.5% contraction compared to 2009 due to falling sales of electronic, computer and agricultural products. These exports fell again in 2011 to €43.7 million. They account for less than 2% of French exports in South Asia (although many French goods are re-exported from Pakistan or Dubai). Yet in 2012 French exports increased by 2% (€44.6 million), while imports remained stable (€3.8 million).