Diplomatic relations between France and Afghanistan were established in 1922, with the creation, the same year, of the French Archaeological Delegation in Afghanistan (DAFA). The foundations of Franco-Afghan cooperation lie, in addition to archeology, in the field of education: creation of the French Secondary School for Boys in 1923 (named Esteqlal in 1929) and the French Secondary School for Girls (Malalaï) in 1942.
The University of Lyon 1 and the University of Paris’ School of Law began their cooperation with the University of Kabul in the 1960s. Cooperation agreements have been signed in the fields of health (1963), cultural and technical cooperation (1966), and agriculture (1969). A French cultural center was founded in Kabul in 1970. On January 1st, 2011, after being completely renovated, it became the French Institute of Afghanistan.
Updated on 01.02.12